Diet, Cancer and Health

The main research question for the Diet, Cancer and Health group is the relation between diet, lifestyle and the risk and prognosis of cancer

Much of the research within the Diet, Cancer and Health group is based on the investigation "Diet, Cancer and Health - a population-based prospective cohort study".

Diet, Cancer and Health

In the prospective study 'Diet, Cancer and Health' 57,053 men and women have been followed since recruitment in the years 1993-1997. Extensive information about diet and lifestyle has been collected. Anthropometric measurements have been obtained and a biological bank has been created including blood samples, urine samples, as well as fat tissue biopsies from more than 95% of the participants.

Research programs using cohort data have been independently funded. These programs include studies on e.g. breast cancer, lung cancer, and colorectal cancer, as well as studies on cardio-vascular diseases and diabetes.


The project is associated to the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), a multicenter cohort study among 520,000 participants from 10 European countries. Regular meetings and scientific collaboration with more than 20 research groups from all over Europe.

Read more about EPIC


The group is coordinating the project “Nordic Centre of Excellence (NCoE) on Nordic Health – whole grain food (HELGA)”. The main focus of this centre is to generate knowledge about the health effects of whole grain foods by establishing a close research network between existing scientific expert groups in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.

Read more about HELGA

Other collaborative research projects in the Diet, Cancer and Health group are:

The vitamin D status among Danes (StatusD)
The purpose of the project is to clarify the variation in the vitamin D level among Danes, comprising the determination to what extent lack of vitamin D is a problem in the general Danish population. Additionally, the purpose is to clarify the individual seasonal variation in vitamin D levels and to identify which diet- and lifestyle factors that are interconnected with levels of vitamin D among Danes.

The project is coordinated by senior scientist Anja Olsen, Danish Cancer Society Research Center.

Nordic life style intervention study among men with prostate cancer (NILS)

The purpose of the NILS project is to investigate the value of wholegrain rye bread intake and physical activity in relation to the progression of prostate cancer among men under active surveillance.

UNIK - Food, Fitness & Pharma
The UNIK project is an interdisciplinary research initiative at University of Copenhagen, which aims to understand, prevent and treat lifestyle diseases like obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Gene-diet Interactions in Obesity (Gendinob)

The project aims at profoundly improving our knowledge about the role of genes and dietary intake and their interplay in human obesity. This will be achieved by a new advanced type of analysis of novel, massive information on genetics variants combined with food patterns and nutrients, weight change (gain and loss), body composition, body fat distribution, and eventual obesity. The studies will include several pre-existing observational cohorts of both women and men, ranging from adolescence through middle age, and dietary intervention studies of weight loss and weight maintenance in obese adult.